The Symbols and Signs of Hajj & Umrah
The Importance of Taraweeh
Commenting on this, scholars stated this shows that praying night prayers after Isha in congregation is prescribed in the Prophet’s Sunnah.
During the caliphate of Abu Bakr, people would congregate at different times of the night to pray together in the Prophet’s mosque. During Umar’s caliphate, the number of people increased to the point that there were competing congregations. Seeing this, he made an executive decision to end the competing congregations and organize people behind one Imam, appointing Tamim al-Dari and Ubayy b. K’ab alternate in leading them in prayer. (Bukhari 2010) It was called “Tarawih,” a word that means to relax, because they would pray 2 to 4 units of prayer then rest for a while. While the Prophet prayed not more than 13 units of optional night prayer in any given night, Aisha said “Don’t ask about how long and how perfect they were.” Understanding that the permission to pray at night was unrestricted and not limited to a specific number, some of the Salaf would pray an unlimited number of units in Ramadan nights. Others, such as Umar b. AbdulAziz and Imam Malik, would pray 36 units. The other three schools of Islamic law recommended 20 units of prayer for Tarawih, basing this off of what Umar organized the people to do during his caliphate.
The Virtue of Praying Tarawih
Because of the importance of night prayers, and specifically those performed in Ramadan, its extremely important to prayer at least some prayers every night of Ramadan, and if you can pray with the Imam until he is finished. “God has designated, in every night of Ramadan, those who will be freed from the Hellfire” (Musnad Ahmed)
Try to be one of those people in Ramadan.
How is Taraweeh prayed in Makka and Medina
Its important to take into consideration how the prayers are organized In Makkah and Medina when going there during Ramadan. When in Makkah, its important to remember that Tawaf does not stop during Taraweeh. If you arrive and want to start your Umra, you can reasonably make Tawaf, stop and pray some or all of Taraweeh, then complete your Umra.
Keep in mind that prayer times change slightly during Ramadan in Makkah and Medina. Outside of Ramadan, Isha is fixed at 90 minutes after the Adhan of Maghrib. In Ramadan, the Adhan of Isha is 2 hours after the Adhan of Maghrib. This gives everyone breaking their fast time to do so, wash up, make Wudu, and arrive to the mosque for prayer. In the first 20 days of Ramadan, if you are in your hotel and unable to make it to the Mosque for Maghrib, as long as you arrive 45-60 minutes before Isha, you’ll be able to find a spot inside the mosque to pray. In the last ten nights, you’ll have to break fast inside the Mosque in order to keep a comfortable spot to pray in for Tarawih. That means in the last ten nights, you’ll have leave away from your hotel for at least 3-4 hours before returning in the evening. This means you’ll use the restrooms and wudu areas at the Masjids, which are extremely convenient and well-kept.
What is “Qiyam al-Layl”?
These prayers have the same reward as Tarawih, and are great if you can join the congregation and pray them. If, while you are traveling, you have to choose between which to pray, then its better to get rest immediately after Isha and then join the congregation in the mosque for Qiyam, as the time in which these prayers are prayed is considered more virtuous.